Bilateral trade between China and Costa Rica increased in 2014 to $5.3 billion, a 145 percent increase over 2006. Second, these growing unrests reflect a fundamental change in Beijing`s internal containment strategies. Of course, senior party officials have clearly taken a more forthright approach to petitioners and supporters in order to obtain some degree of lasting legitimacy for the party`s (long-term) economic plans. In addition, the perceived change in containment practices also appears to reflect the recognition of the limited usefulness of lethal violence in resolving remote cases at the local level. There is a new “fourth generation” of party apparatchiks who have pledged to resolve the dysfunctions more and more peacefully. As might be expected, the deployment of paramilitary forces to maintain stability, as is the case in North America, will continue to be at the root of internal security policy. The party will continue to conduct regular campaigns of oppression in which differences of opinion may manifest in extra-regional movements. Nevertheless, Beijing`s official political position on civil disobedience is a remarkable abandonment of the characteristic violent strategies applied by Mao Zedong and Deng Xiaoping in the 1950s, 1960s, 1970s and 1980s. As a result, the free trade agreement is unlikely to combine trade with Europe, and the International Monetary Fund has said that this could result in the loss of tens of thousands of jobs in the clothing sector alone. The free trade agreement between China and South Korea officially entered into force on December 20, 2015.
Under the agreement, South Korea will eliminate tariffs on 92% of all Chinese products within 20 years of implementation, in exchange for China`s abolition of tariffs on 91% of South Korean products. China`s economic changes have been truly remarkable, and there are good reasons (historical and political) to believe that the pursuit of constructive engagement and liberal trade negotiations could effectively defuse the Communist Party`s coercive tendencies. Indeed, the most impressive evolution of this period was the emergence of an increasingly cosmopolitan and confident bourgeois caste, which modernity wanted to adopt on several levels. China now has about 200 million middle-class consumers, and the most optimistic forecasts indicate that 25% of the country`s population could achieve middle-class status by 2010.