Nile Dam Agreement

The representative of France, the President of the Council for the month of June, spoke in his national capacity and said that every effort should be made to avoid an escalation of tensions. Last week`s discussions, under the aegis of the South African President, must continue in a constructive spirit. “A mutually beneficial agreement would make this dam an opportunity for development and prosperity for all the peoples of the region, not a factor of tension and division,” he said, calling on all parties to respect international law and related conventions, as well as the declaration of principles adopted by the three parties in 2015. He also encouraged the Secretary-General to offer his good offices in support of a negotiated solution. “So it`s a really good time to start filling the dam. It would affect Egypt less. Egypt therefore has some incentive to accept this point at this stage. At best, they will return to the negotiating table, and they will agree quickly and move things forward. Sudan`s Ministry of Irrigation and Water Resources said on Tuesday that it had presented the African Union with a “balanced and fair” draft agreement on the Nile dam. Once the GERD FSL is reached, we expect a steady hydroelectric production of 1600 MW based on a reliable hydroelectric production rate estimated at 90%21.

Ethiopia`s electricity needs are expected to increase from 11.1 TWh in 2020 to 27.3 TWh in 203042, indicating that an increase in current production of 4400 MW with the GERD 5150 MW will soon be warranted. We also anticipate that the height of the GERD pool will be reduced to a maximum of 625 masl in June of each year for seasonal flood planning. We anticipate that Egypt will continue to try to release 55.5 bcm per year from the GERD reservoir, subject to the DMP described above. Although GERD can allow Sudan to increase its irrigation withdrawals to the full allocation of 18.5 billion cmcm under the 1959 Nile Water Agreement, measured in Aswan, the amount of additional water that Sudan can extract is due to attenuated diversions, a lack of transparency in reporting, and debates on how to take into account the amount of water accumulated in recent years. Uncertain. and uncertainty about how evaporation should be taken into account from different reservoirs. For our analysis, we start from a continuous withdrawal of 16.7 bcm of the current diversion points, without losses of asyn foundation. Egypt and Sudan disagree on how to account for the evaporation losses of Sudanese reservoirs in calculating Sudan`s allocation of 18.5 million euros in the 1959 Nile Water Agreement. Egypt interprets the agreement to mean that evaporation losses due to the construction of Merov, the increase of the Roseires Dam and all new dams in Sudan should be included in the allocation of 18.5 bcm to Sudan. Sudan argues that the calculation of the Nile River at Aswan (84 bcm) already takes into account the loss of evaporation and infiltration that occurs within Sudan, including evaporation losses due to current and future dams. Thus, Sudan is of the type that evaporative losses from reservoirs established under the 1959 agreement should not be accounted for as part of its allocation of 18.5 bcm.